The bilateral agreements expanding the list and volume of grain supplies from Russia to China were adopted on February 4, within the framework of the visit of President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin to China and the talks with President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping.
Thus, the amendments have been made to the following documents:
- Protocol between the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation and the General Administration for Quality Control, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China on Phytosanitary Requirements for wheat exported from the Russian Federation to the People's Republic of China (dated November 1, 2017);
- Protocol between the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance and the General Customs Administration of the People's Republic of China on Phytosanitary requirements for barley exported from the Russian Federation to the People's Republic of China (dated June 5, 2019).
The amendments cancel the regionalization as regards wheat and barley consignments from Russia to China. Now these cereals can be imported to China from all over the territory of the Russian Federation. Before that, there were only seven Russian Subjects on the suppliers’ list (Altai and Krasnoyarsk Krais, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Novosibirsk, Amur and Kurgan Oblasts) and it did not include the leading grain-producing regions of the country.
In addition, the Protocol was adopted between the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance and the General Customs Administration of the People's Republic of China on sanitary and phytosanitary requirements for alfalfa exported from the Russian Federation to the People's Republic of China. The document permits supplies of this crop from Russia to China.
The ratified amendments were the result of a large-scale long-term work carried out by the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia and the Rosselkhoznadzor and were aimed at expanding the list and increasing the volume of grain crops exported to China. Within the framework of this activity, a large number of negotiations were held, visits of Russian specialists to China and inspections by Chinese experts of Russian grain producers and food testing laboratories were arranged.
Currently, the Russian and Chinese sides continue to work on expanding mutually beneficial trade opportunities. In particular, in 2022 it is planned to sign a protocol that will allow pea supplies from Russia to China.